what is neuropathy - An Overview



Neuropathy is a basic term representing disruptions in the typical functioning of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are diverse therefore is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is practically irreversible and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other supportive steps to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.

Neuropathies due to dietary deficiencies are generally treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is because of defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment might or might not completely reverse the neuropathy and minimize the signs and in most cases there is some irreversible damage to nerves and consistent symptoms despite treatment. Recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has likewise been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the reaction varies and might take numerous months.

Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based upon specific cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), local injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing aggravating factors like typing in incorrect positions, usage of hand tools and so on. If signs not relieved by this method, then surgery is likewise an option and is frequently alleviative if no irreversible damage to nerve has already taken place. Once again, each neuropathy is special and treatment varies.

The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main disease triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, caused by lack of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally helpful.

Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food item triggering neuropathy. There may be some specific treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can generally be prevented by offering pyridoxine along with it.


Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreversible and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing further progression of the nerve damage and other supportive steps to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.

Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.

Whatever the original cause, your nerves reacted with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they reduced their length and volume to preserve themselves, and the gaps in between the nerves(synapse) were stretched. A typical sized nerve signal could no longer jump this gap. Therefore nerve impulses, both those going up to the brain and those coming down from the brain were impaired.

Integrated microprocessors measures several physiological functions of your nerves and immediately changes itself to your particular therapeutic needs, starting with the first healing signal.

When the unit is first switched on, it measures the electrical analog resistance and digital impedance and sets its output parameters for your physical mass. It understands if it is dealing with a 125 pound female or a 350 lb male. It understands that if you utilize it straight on your lower back.

Specialized stimulator then sends a "test" signal that represents the most typical waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. This signal goes from one foot, up the leg, to get more info the nerve roots in your lower back, down the other leg, to the other foot. It then waits for an echo-like response from this preliminary signal.
It then evaluates this 'return" signal to figure out any aberrations.

Just as a cardiologist can take one look at the shape of the signal displayed on an EKG display, and diagnose what is wrong with the heart, we have actually had the ability to identify that the peripheral nerves have a very particular shape to its waveform. We can diagnose the nature of the problem by evaluating that waveform. This function is constructed into the stimulator and processed by its internal microprocessor.

Irregularities in the shape of the waveform on the method up suggests concerns with feeling numb; the shape of the top of the waveform indicates the ability of the nerve to deliver the signal enough time for the brain to receive it all; irregularities in the downward slope of the waveform indicates discomfort, and the shape of the refractory period as the nerve cell repolarize's itself shows the capability of the nerve path to prepare for the next signal.

The device should then produce, and send out, a compensating waveform, to 'ravel' these irregularities, very just like the method sound canceling earphones work.

This procedure goes on 7.83 times every second, sending a signal, analyzing the returning signal, creating a compensating signal, and sending this new signal. It is constantly examining your response, and adjusting itself, to gently coax your nerve's ability to send and get appropriate signals.

These impulses are sent out 7.83 times per 2nd since that is how long it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself in between its transmission of nerve signals. Minerals like potassium, sodium, and calcium must pass back and forth through the cell wall of the nerves. This is why a common 10S merely obstructs the nerve signals.

The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to get from one leg to the other), create a small electromagnetic field that is sensed by the nerves in your main nerve system (spine) and a signal is uploaded to the brain to let it know what is occurring in the lumbar area. The brain then releases endorphins, internal painkiller that travel by means of the blood stream to all parts of the body. These endorphins momentarily alleviate pain in other parts of the body and help elevate your state of mind. These endorphin regulated benefits are palliative, and last for about 4 hours, offerring extra welcome remedy for your peripheral neuropathy pain.


Whatever the original cause, your nerves responded with the only survival tool they had: they contracted, they reduced their length and volume to maintain themselves, and the gaps in between the nerves(synapse) were extended. A regular sized nerve signal might no longer jump this space. Specialized stimulator then sends out a "test" signal that represents the most typical waveform for healthy peripheral nerves. These impulses are sent out 7.83 times per 2nd because that is how long it takes for the nerve cell to re-polarize (or reset) itself in between its transmission of nerve signals. The signals, (as they cross the synaptic junctions in the nerve roots of the lower back to get from one leg to the other), produce a little electro-magnetic field that is sensed by the nerves in your main worried system (spinal column) and a signal is published to the brain to let it understand exactly what is occurring in the lumbar location.

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